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2017年河南專升本英語重點句型總結

來源:http://www.vosedoc.com 發布時間:2016-12-16

 被動語態

  主語是動作的發出者,用主動語態; 主語是動作的承受者,用被動語態.

  被動語態的構成: be+done (過去分詞)+(by 動作的發出者)

  be 的變化形式很多,很多時態都有各自的被動語態.

  This book is written by GJM. That book was written by Luxun.

  English is spoken in many countries.

  ?主動形式表示被動意義:

  1) wash, clean, cook, iron, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell, drive…

  The book sells well.  這本書銷路好。

  This knife cuts easily.  這刀子很好用。

  2) blame, let(出租), remain, keep, rent, build

  I was to blame for the accident.

  Much work remains.

  3) 在need, require, want, worth (形容詞), deserve后的動名詞必須用主動形式。

  The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.

  This room needs cleaning. 這房間應該打掃一下。

  This book is worth reading. 這本書值得一讀。

  4) 特殊結構:make sb. heard / understood (使別人能聽見/理解自己),have sth. done ( 要某人做某事)。

  ? 不用被動語態的情況:

  1) 系動詞無被動語態:

  appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn /例: It sounds good.

  ? 被動語態的諺語:

  Give love and love will be given. 播撒愛,也會收獲愛.

  Everything that is done in the world is done by love. 世上做成的每件事都是希望的功勞.

  Man is not made to defeat. Man can be destroyed but not defeated.

  人不是為失敗而生的. 人可以被毀滅,但是不可以被打敗. (海明威<老人與海>)

  ? need/want/require/worth

  注意:當 need, want, require, worth(形容詞)后面接doing也可以表示被動。

  Your hair wants cutting. 你的頭發該理了。

  The floor requires washing. 地板需要沖洗。

  The book is worth reading. 這本書值得一讀。

  典型例題

  The library needs___, but it'll have to wait until Sunday.

  A. cleaning  B. be cleaned

  C. clean  D. being cleaned

  答案A. need (實意V.) +n /to do,need (情態)+ do,當為被動語態時,還可need + doing. 本題考后一種用法,選A。如有to be clean 則也為正確答案。

  強調句型

  ??嫉膹娬{句結構是it 引導的句子:

  It is (was) 被強調部分+ that (who) + 句子其他部分。

  此結構強調的成分僅限于主語,賓語和狀語。

  It is love that makes the world go around. 愛是推動世界的力量.

  It is often in our suffering that we grow the most. 在痛苦中我們成長多.

  It is virtue and not birth that makes us noble. 品德使我們高貴,而不是出身.

  典型例題

  1) It was last night ___ I see the comet.

  A. the time  B.. when

  C. that   D. which

  答案C. 強調句的結構是: It +be +被強調部分 + that (who) + 主謂句?!娬{句的連詞只有兩個,that和who。當強調的部分是人,且為句子的主語時,才用 "who",其余用that。

  原句:My father did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.

  強調主語: It was my father who did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.

  強調賓語: It was the experiment that my father did in the lab yesterday evening.

  強調時間: It was yesterday evening that my father did the experiment in the lab. (注意不用when)

  強調地點: It was in the lab that my father did the experiment yesterday evening.

  2)It is ten years ___ Miss Green returned to Canada.

  A. that  B. when

  C. since  D. as

  答案C. 考點是連詞用法。 本題易誤選為A. that. 其實本句不是強調句。若是強調句,去掉It  be… that還應是一個完整的句子。而本句去掉 'It is…that',只剩下ten years Miss Green returned to Canada. 不成句。因此本句不是強調句。

  It is /was +時間+ since… 其中is<---> has been  was <---> had been.

  ◇經典強調句

  College will be the most important years in your life.

  It is in college that you will truly discover what learning is about.

  大學將是你人生重要的時光,在大學里你會發現學習的真諦。

  ——李開復《給女兒的一封信》

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本文編輯:劉老師    

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