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2017河南專升本英語閱讀理解輕松提分秘訣

來源:http://www.vosedoc.com 發布時間:2016-12-16

閱讀理解的后一題常常提問作者對文章中某一問題的態度(Attitude)、全文的基調(Tone)、文章的出處(Source)及對文章前后接續內容的判斷等。

  關于態度或基調(Attitude/Tone)類題的回答應從篇章的體裁著手。一般來說,說明文中作者的態度是客觀的(objective)或中立的(neutral);議論文中,作者的觀點才會顯得多種多樣,常見的選項有:

  (1) positive(積極的)

  (2) negative(消極的)

  (3) neutral(中立的)

  (4) approval(贊成的)

  (5) disapproval(不贊成的)

  (6) indifferent(漠不關心的)

  (7) sarcastic(諷刺的)

  (8 )critical(批評的)

  (9) optimistic(樂觀的)

  (10) pessimistic(悲觀的)

  態度類問題的幾種提問方式 :

  (1)What‘s the writer‘s attitude to …?

  (2)What‘s the tone of the passage?

  (3)The author‘s view is _______

  (4)The writer‘s attitude of,this passage is apparently ______

  (5)The author suggests that _________

  (6)According to author __________

  有的文章中,作者觀點明確,文章基調清楚,而有的文章中,作者僅僅暗示對某一問題的態度和觀點,需要閱讀時仔細琢磨。

  解答這類問題時,首先應請注意篇章中起連接手段作用的那些詞語;其次應注意有些表明作者觀點詞匯,如形容詞、動詞等。

  對文章的出處及文章前后接續內容判斷等可從全篇著手,從個別句子或詞匯找線索進行判斷。

  Example:

  I am not so nave ,however ,as to believe that is responsible for this unfortunate situation of the American woman. I am not a feminist ,but I am an individualist. I do not believe there is any important difference between men and women. Certainly not as much as there may be between one woman and another or one man and an-other. There are plenty of women and men,for that matter who would be completely fulfilled in being allowed to be as lazy as possible. If someone will ensconce them in a pleasant home and pay their bills,they ask no more of life. It is quite all right for these men and women to live thus so long as fools can be found who will pay so much for nothing much in return. Gigolos ,male and female,are to be found in every class and in the best of homes. But when a man does not want to be a gigolo,he has the freedom to go out and work and create as well as he can. But a woman has not. Even if her individual husband lets her,tradi ition in society is against her.

  In this passage the author looks on the situation of women with an attitude of .

  A)amusement

  B)indifference

  C)disapproval

  D)condemnation

  此篇文章中,作者對待這一問題的態度十分明確、強硬(如用語I am not 等等),因此只參在選項C)和D)中選擇。而從文章中的“gigolos”,"fools"等詞可看出作者不僅不贊成而且態度更甚。所以,選項C)程度還不夠,這一題的正確答案是D)

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本文編輯:劉老師    

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